Mikoyan and Gurevich MiG-29
Introducing the Fulcrum: Fulcrum has been the most successful as well as one of the most impressive Russian fighter till date. It was widely regarded by the western pilots as the most agile fighter aircraft of its time. Specifically designed for the air superiority role, it can carry six Air to Air missiles on its 6 hard-points. 4 short range R-60 or the R-73 and 2 medium range R-27(SARH or Infra-red) or R-77(ARH). It is equipped with the N-019 Radar, which has an estimated search and track range of 51 miles. Although later versions have been retrofitted with newer variants. (See the Over view of Fulcrum for more details, below.)
'Image' of the MiG-29 Fulcrum: Fulcrum is regarded as a really proud possession by any AF in the world. It is operated by more than 20 air forces of the world even today. It was the first Soviet aircraft after the MiG-15 and the MiG-21, that could be equated with a western aircraft. F-16 Fighting Falcon is widely regarded as its equivalent western counterpart. As far as combat effectiveness of this aircraft is concerned, it hasn't demonstrated itself as a successful air superiority aircraft. Several MiG-29s have been shot down by US aircraft, but none of the US aircraft have been killed by it (recorded officially). F-16 has shot down more than 6(?) or 8(?) Fulcrums (Kills that have been officially recorded). This topic becomes a little controversial, as the Fulcrums have never been flown by pilots of same equivalence. Although there is one recorded kill by a MiG-29 and that is of his very own wing-man, which was identified as a MiG-23. MiG-29s of the Indian Air Force flew against the Pakistani F-16s during the Kargil War, where it proved successful but even there it saw limited combat. MiG-29 and Mirages made several successful weapon lock-on on the F-16s, and as it was a limited war, no kills were made or attempted.
Now this would be regarded as pure fantasy by a few, but the Yugoslavians and the Russians claim that it was a Yugoslav MiG-29 Fulcrum that shot the lumbering F-117A of the USAF.
Description of the Aircraft : MiG-29B Fulcrum-A; Fitted
with the N-019 radar that has a look-down/shoot-down capability and can display
ten targets in search and lock-on to one of the highest priority assigned by the
computer. Has extended dorsal fins containing IRCM flare dispensers, extended
chord rudders and a hydra-mechanical flight control system.
Design Features: The MiG-29 has a fire control and mission computers link radar with a laser rangefinder and IRST sensor in conjunction with helmet mounted laser target designator (HMLTDS). Targets can be approached and engaged without emission of detectable radar or radio signals. The MiG-29 is capable of a 23º per sec stabilized turn rate.
Accommodation: Pilot seated on a 10º inclined K-36DM/2-06 zero/zero ejection seat under rearward hinged transparent blister canopy in high seat cockpit. Sharply inclined one piece covered windscreen. Three internal mirrors provide the rearward view. The K-36M ejection seat has been one of the most successful ejection seats developed. You can make that out by viewing the Paris and Farnborough air show crashes.
Avionics: Has a coherent, multimode pulse Doppler look-down/shoot-down engagement radar which has search and tracking capabilities. Has a HUD (head-up display) and helmet mounted target designation system, which is tied in with a laser range finder and an infra-red search & track. The IRST ball is mounted on a three-axis gimbaled turret protruding above the nose in front of the cockpit.
The radar is supported by an optical-electronic navigation-attack system, which comprises a sighting system, a navigation system, a digital computer, a weapons control system, and a data presentation system with a HUD. The helmet mounted sight & target designator is available for use with R-60MK and R-73RDM2 close-combat missiles.
The navigation system includes a radio compass, a radar altimeter, a marker beacon receiver, and a short-range navigation and instrument landing system. The ground-air & air-ground data link for target indication from land-based radars, is joined by a communications radio. The aircraft also has an IFF transponder & interrogator.
Engine: Two Klimov RD-33 turbofans each rated at 18,300 lbs. of maximum thrust.
Maximum Speed: Mach 2.35
Service Ceiling: 18,500 metres; 60,700 feet
Range: 1500 kms; 932
miles - without in-flight refuelling.
G Limit: 9.5+
Armament: Fitted with a 30mm GSh-30 gun with 170 rounds capacity and 150 rounds loaded. The gun has a maximum effective range of 1200 - 1800 meters against air targets and 200 - 800 meters against ground targets. It has a maximum firing rate of 25 - 30 rounds per second. Can carry air-to-air missiles like the R-60MK, R-27RE/TE, R-73RDM2 and R-77RVV-AE.
Maximum External Stores Load: 3000 kg; 6614 lbs.
Self Defence: The
electronic warfare suite is centered around the Sirena-3 Radar Warning
Receivers, two ECM transponders in the wing strake and chaff/flare dispensers
built into the upper surfaces of the main wing. Each dispenser contains flares
or chaff cartridges.
Secondary Source: www.RedStar.way.to (The Russian Air Force/Aviation Page)
The MiG-29 is produced by the Moscow Aircraft Production Organisation MiG (MAPO MiG) based in Moscow. The MiG-29K is the carrier based fighter used by the Russian Naval Air Force. The MiG-29,-30 and -33 are known by the NATO code name Fulcrum.
To destroy hostile air targets within radar coverage
limits and also to destroy ground targets using unguided weapons in visual
flight conditions. Fixed wing profile with large wing leading edge root
extensions gives good manoeuvrability and control at subsonic speed including
manoeuvres at high angles of attack. The maximum operational g-loading is 9g.
The aircraft is equipped with an information and fire control radar system comprising: an airborne radar N-019 developed by Phazotron Research and Production Company, Moscow; an optical locator comprising an infra-red search and track sensor, a laser rangefinder and a helmet mounted target designator.
For longer range air combat the MiG-29 uses radar guidance for the R-27 missile.
The MiG-29 fighter is equipped with seven external hardpoints for air-to-air missiles, air bombs and unguided rockets. The aircraft can carry:
up to two air-to-air medium range missiles, R-27
Source: Air Force Technology
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