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Mil Helicopters

This Database is a dedicated work of Aseem Kulkarni

Iron-Eagles > Eastern Block > Mil Helicopters

Primary info of Mil helicopters:-


Founded in 1947 by Mikhail Leontyevich Mil , who was involved with soviet gyroplanes and helicopters from 1929 until his dead on January 31, 1970, aged 60.
By 1999, more than 30000 helicopters of Mil design were built.


The Moscow helicopter plant built in 1947 has created fifteen helicopter types (with more than 200 variants), which during that time have achieved 96 global records. Today, every fourth helicopter in the world is of Mil construction or origin.

In Russia, the CIS s countries and Eastern Europe, Mi helicopters represent 95% of all helicopter fleet. Mil has exported more than 7000 helicopters for a sum amounting to more than US $ 20,000,000,000, and if one includes service and spare, this amazing figure is doubled.

The extensive use of Mi helicopters in the difficult regions of Siberia has allowed Russia to become and maintain its position as one of the largest producers of petroleum and gas.

Even in the difficult economic situation, which prevails in Russia today, the Mil plant in Moscow remains one of the world s leading helicopter production facilities. The fundamental tasks associated with the design and development of new helicopters have continued, while the work concerned with modernization and life cycle extension has not been neglected, and both existing and future Mil designs can be expected to include many innovative features.

The Moscow plant has maintained all the tradition associated with its founder Mil Mihail Leonteivich, while continuing to modernize both the plant and the company culture, to improve production and retain the position of a world leader.

What can be assumed without doubt is, that whatever the Mil helicopter plant in Moscow has achieved in the past, is still thriving at this moment and will continue to create reliable, inexpensive and modern helicopters.


The name designations (always begins with H) belongs to NATO.
The helicopters are called V- instead of Mi- when they are still experimental and / or tested models.

 

Information

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August 1948 : Mi-1 Hare

First helicopter to enter series production in the Soviet Union. It was also produced in Poland as WSK SM-1

Rotor diameter: 14.34 m
Length: 12 m
Height: 3.30 m
Weight: 1760 kg - Max: 2550
Engine: 1 Ivchenko AI-26V of 575 hp
Speed: Max: 205 km/h
Range: 590 km
Service Ceiling: 2000 m
 

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1951 : The Mi-1 began service in the Soviet Union

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1952 : Mi-4 Hound


First heavy helo of the Mil bureau, the Mi-4 was also produced in China as Z-5. It was very similar to the Sikorsky S-55 but much bigger
Only in the Soviet Union were build more than 3500 units

Its primary missions were cargo and ASW Rotor diameter: 21 m
Length: 16.79 m
Height: 5.18 m
Weight: 5390 kg - Max: 7800

Engine: 1 Shvetsov ASh-82V
of 1700 hp
Speed: Max: 210 km/h
Range: 590 km
Service Ceiling: 6000 m


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1956 : Mi-3 Enhanced version of the Mi-1, not produced

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June 5, 1957 : Mi-6 Hook


This big transport, the first turbine powered helo of the Soviet Union, was not only for a long time the largest helicopter of the world, it was also the fastest. More than 800 units of this model, which can carry up to 70 troops, were built
Rotor diameter: 35 m
Length: 41 m
Height: 9.8 m
Weight: 27240 Kg. - Max: 42500
Engine: 2 Soloviev D-25V of 5500 hp each
Speed: 300 km/h
Range: 620 km
Service Ceiling: 4500 m


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1961 :

The Mi-6 is the first world helo to reach the 300 km/h so its win the international trophy Igor Sikorsky

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June, 1961 : Mi-8 Hip

The standard medium transport helo of the Soviet Union and other 40 countries, the Hip grows from the Mi-4 and became, together with its derivatives Mi-14 / 17 the world's most produced helicopter design with more than 10000 units build


Rotor diameter: 21 m
Length: 18 m
Height: 5.65 m
Weight: 6600 kg - Max: 12000
Engine: 2 Isotov TV2-117A of 1700 hp
Speed: Max: 260 km/h
Range: 480 km
Service Ceiling: 4500 m


 

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1961 : Mi-10 Harke

A crane, derivative from the Mi-6, the Mi-10 can carry loads up to 15000 Kg.

Picture from Roy's Russian Resource: http://www.clark.net/pub/royfc/roy1page.html


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1964 : Mi-10k Harke

A new version of the Mi-10 which has a shortest length and shallow fuselage


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1965 : Mi-2 Hoplite

First flight in 1962, this was the turbine powered version of the Mi-1 Hare. Only produced in Poland by PZL
Rotor diameter: 14.56 m
Length: 12 m
Height: 3.75 m
Weight: 2402 kg - Max: 3700
Engine: 2 Isotov GTD-350 of 431 hp
Speed: Max: 210 km/h
Range: 240 km
Service Ceiling: 4000 m

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1967 : Mi-8 Hip E / F


Were the attack versions of the Mi-8. With up to 6 rockets launchers, 4 AT-2 anti tank missiles and a machine gun, it was one of the best armed helicopter of its time.

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July 10, 1968 : Mi-12 Homer
Largest helicopter yet flown Only 3 were produced, it was a mix of two Mi-6 joined

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August 6, 1969 : A Mi-12 lift 40.204 Kg to 2.255 m

This big "helo" had a max capable weight of 105000 Kg

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September, 1969 : Mi-14 Haze

The naval version of the Mi-8, the Haze is a coast-based ASW (Anti Submarine Warfare) helo
Rotor diameter: 21.29 m
Length: 25.3 m
Height: 5.65 m
Weight: 8000 kg - Max: 12000
Engine: 2 Isotov TV3-117A of 2200 shp each
Speed: 240 km/h
Range: 500 km



 

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September 19, 1969 : Mi-24 Hind

In the middle of the 60s, while the western countries were looking the helicopter primary as a transport and rescue machine, the soviet army think at them as the air counterpart of the battle tanks.

Heavy armed versions of the Mi-8 Hip were in service in that years when the Mil bureau start working in a new prototype called A-10 . This new helicopter, designed primary as an anti tank weapon begun tests in 1970 and was first seen by the NATO in East-Germany in 1972. The A-10 reach a speed record of 368 km/h

The first versions used a standard helo cockpit but in 1975 appeared the Hind-D with the now traditional attack cockpit in a tandem configuration

The later versions, as the Hind-E , used the more sophisticated AT-6 Spiral missiles instead of the AT-2 Swatter and a 23 mm cannon replacing the 12,7 mm machine gun in the turret

In their better moment, more than 1000 Hinds were in service in the red army and they were extensively used in Afghanistan forming teams with the attack aircraft Sukhoi Su-25 Froogfoot.




The Mi-24 "Hollywood" variant ;-) A Mi-24 following
an US Navy 's SH-2F



This helo was used in the movie First Blood-2 (Rambo II) There was an awesome dogfight scene which was probably the most exciting part of the movie. The cinema hall echoed with applause when the Hollywood Mi-24 made its entry. Then it was extensively used in Rambo-3, as in Afghanistan, Mi-24 played a major role for Russian Army.
 

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Mi-35 Export variant


Functions: Attack / Air-Support / Assault
First Flight : September 19, 1969
Crew / Load: 3 + 8

Hind D
Engines: 2 * Isotov TV3-117 of 2200 hp
Top Speed: 350 km/h
Range: max. 800 km
Ceiling: 4.500 m
Weight: Empty: 6.500 kg -- Max: 11.500
Rotor Span: 17 m
Length: 17 m
Height: 4.25 m
Disc Area: 227 m2


 

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1972 : Mi-22 Hook C

A cargo helicopter, was a Mi-6 development.

 

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December 14, 1977 : Mi-26 Halo

Biggest operational Helicopter of the World

Mil Mi-26 Halo



First flight on December 14, 1977, the replacement of the Mi-6 Hook , is the biggest operational Helicopter of the World. Can carry up to 90 troops, a similar capacity of a Lockheed C-130 Hercules and it was the first to operate successfully with an 8 blades main rotor. Apart from Soviet Union India is the only operator of this helicopter.
Variants include:
Mi-26MS : Medevac version
Mi-26TM : Flying crane
Mi-26TZ : Fuel tanker


Rotor diameter: 32 m
Disc Area: 804 m2
Length: 40 m
Height: 8.15 m
Weight: 28200 kg - Max: 56000

Engine: 2 Ioatarev D-136 of
11400 hp each
Speed: Max: 295 km/h
Range: 800 km
Service Ceiling: 4600 m


 

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1981 : Mi-17 Hip H

A newest Mi-8, the Mi-17 has a improved structure and better electronic systems.

Uses the Mi-14's Isotov TV3 engines

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November 10, 1982 : Mi-28 Havoc


Mil Mi-28 Havoc



Designed during the 70s to replace the Mi-24 Hind as the main attack helicopter of the Red Army , the Mi-28 can fly at a maximum speed of 300 km/h, can fly rearwards and sideways at speeds up to 100 km/h and is able to hover turn at 45 degrees per second.

In August 1996 Mil rolled out a prototype of the day and night capable version, the Mi-28N Night Havoc


Initial development mock ups



The helicopter design is based on the conventional pod and boom configuration with a tail rotor. The pilot and the navigator/systems officer are accommodated in two separate cockpits in tandem configuration under individual canopies. The fuselage of the Mi-28 has a bay fitted with a hatch door. The helicopter has non-retractable tricycle tailwheel type landing gear.
The energy absorbing landing gear and seats protect the crew in a crash landing or in a low-altitude vertical fall. The crew are able to survive a vertical fall up to 12 metres per second.



The Mi-28A helicopter is powered by two TV3-117VMA turboshaft engines, fitted on either side of the fuselage. It is equipped with an auxiliary power unit for self- contained operation. The thermal signature of the helicopter has been reduced by a factor of 2.5x compared to its predecessor, the Mi-24.


The main rotor head of the Mi-28 has elastomeric bearings and the main rotor blades are made from composite materials. The tail rotor is designed on a biplane configuration with independently controlled X-shaped blades. The turnable stabilizer is fitted asymmetrically on the end of a tailboom. In real combat missions the single rotor design allows the helicopter to continue flight and land with damaged main rotor blades or damaged anti-torque blades in the majority of cases. A new design of rotor blade, all plastic with swept shaped tips has been installed on the Night Havoc Mi-28N helicopter. The new blades can sustain hits from 30 mm shells.



The crew have two compartments separated with armoured partitioning, the pilot seated in the higher rear compartment and the navigator/systems officer in the front compartment..The Mi-28 has a fully armoured cabin including the windshield which withstands impact by 7.62 and 12.7 mm bullets and 20 mm shell fragments.


Gunner Crewstation (Front) Pilot Crewstation (Rear)


Cruise Speed: 260 km/h
Max Speed: 324 km/h

Hovering ceiling: 3450 m
Service ceiling: 5750 m
Ferry range: 1105 km

Weight Empty : 7890 kg
Max Weight : 11500 kg

Rotor Span: 17,2 m
Length: 21 m
Height: 3,8 m



 

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Middle 80s : Mi-30 / Mi-32
Tilt rotors projects, not built.


1986 : Mi-34 Hermit

A light helicopter, the Hermit is primary used in civilian missions.
Rotor diameter: 10 m
Length: 11.4 m
Height: 2.75 m
Weight: 1450 Kg
Engine: 1 piston engine M-14B26B of 350 hp
Speed: 225 km/h
Range: 360 km
Service Ceiling: 5000 m


 

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Mi-38
The replacement of the Mi-8 / Mi-17 family
Wednesday August 18, 1999 :

A Feasibility Demonstrator for the MI-38 Heavy Twin-Engine Helicopter
MOSCOW ( Eurocopter Press Release ) - Today Mil , Kazan Helicopters and Eurocopter - the three companies forming EUROMIL, a company incorporated under Russian law - signed a contract in Moscow for the construction of a feasibility demonstrator for the MI-38 heavy twin in the 15 ton class. Pratt & Whitney Canada will supply the PWC 127 engines.



This first ever international cooperation program between Europe and Russia was initiated in 1994 when Euromil was set up. Some momentum was lost in the past because of economic difficulties but this demonstrator phase will breathe new life into the project and will make the joint construction of a prototype possible.


The next six months will be decisive for setting up the operational conditions and the legal regime environment, to implement an operational organization in Euromil capable of running the program, of obtaining the necessary design and certification approvals and, last of all in agreement with the Russian authorities, of receiving the exclusive rights of the partners over the programme.


Today the three Euromil shareholders in the MI 38 project - Mil, Kazan Helicopters and Eurocopter - each hold a one-third share.


In this first phase directed by Euromil, each partner will be assigned part of the work:


Mil will handle the general design, the drawings, the component testing and the flight testing.


Kazan Helicopters will be responsible for the manufacture of the fuselage and blades and for final assembly.


Eurocopter will be in charge of the design of the cockpit, avionics, equipment and fittings of the different versions.


Major Russian subcontractors will supply the vital components such as, among others, the main drive system (Krasni-Okiabr Plant) and the main rotor (Stupino Moscow Plant).


A second phase will start up in two years time based on economic and engineering studies. It should pave the way to the joint production of a multi-mission civil and military helicopter for the Russian and international markets.


The helicopter will benefit from the combined experience of three world class helicopter manufacturers, particularly in the SAR, military and civil transport sectors and in certain naval application fields.


Ultimately this helicopter will also be utilized by the Russian operators whose announced future needs are substantial.

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Mi-44
It is a future design! It seems a civilian helicopter. No more info is available.

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